C. Peter Timmer

Professor of Development Studies

C. Peter Timmer is an authority on agricultural develop-ment, food security, and the world rice economy who has published scores of papers and books on these topics. He has served as a professor at Stanford, Cornell, three faculties at Harvard, and the University of California, San Diego, where he was also the dean of the Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies. Now the Cabot Professor of Development Studies, emeritus, at Harvard University, he is also Adjunct Professor at the Crawford School of Public Policy at Australian National University, where he is engaged with a new graduate training program on food policy and food security. He also remains engaged with the Center for Food Security and Environment at Stanford University.   A core advisor on the World Bank’s World Development Report 2008: Agriculture for Development, Timmer is working on domestic policy responses to volatility in the global rice market. He is a senior advisor to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation on agricultural development issues and a non-resident fellow at the Center for Global Development. Timmer is a member of the Scientific Committee organizing the 1st Conference on Global Food Security to be held in the Netherlands in late 2013, co-sponsored by Elsevier Press and Wageningen University.   With his co-authors (Falcon and Pearson), Timmer was the recipient of the award for professional excellence in quality of communication for Food Policy Analysis in 1984. He received the Bintang Jasa Utama (Highest Merit Star) award from the Republic of Indonesia in 1992 for work on food security and poverty alleviation. He also delivered the Benjamin H. Hibbard Memorial Lecture at the University of Wisconsin in 1993, the H. W. Arndt Memorial Lecture at the Australian National University in 2004, and the Henry Wendt Lecture at the American Enterprise Institute in 2007. In 2012, Timmer was recipient of the Leontief Prize for Advances in the Frontiers of Economic Thought awarded by the Global Development and Environment Center at Tufts University. In October, 2013, he delivered the Willard D. Cochrane Lecture in Public Policy at the University of Minnesota.   Timmer’s research and advisory work focuses on three main themes: lessons from the historical experience of structural transformation in Europe and Asia for the role of agriculture in currently developing countries; the impact of modern food supply chains on smallholder farmers and poor consumers (and the prospects that the growing dominance and concentration of modern retail establishments might change the mechanisms for food security); and approaches to stabilizing rice prices in Asia with minimum spillover to the world market and to producers and consumers in Africa and Latin America. All three topics reflect a broad concern for speeding the rate of poverty reduction and improving food security at the household, national and global levels.   A select list of Timmer publication on rice "Estimating Rice Consumption," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies (Canberra), vol. 7, no. 2 (July 1971), pp. 70-89.   "Rice Policy in Indonesia" (with S. Afiff), Food Research Institute Studies in Agricultural Economics, Trade, and Development, vol. 10, no. 2 (1971), pp. 131-159.   "Employment Aspects of Investment in Rice Marketing in Indonesia," Food Research Institute Studies in Agricultural Economics, Trade, and Development, vol. 11, no. 1 (1972), pp. 59-88.   "Choice of Technique in Rice Milling on Java," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies(Canberra), vol. 9, no. 2 (July 1973), pp. 57-76, and "A Reply" (to "Choice of Technique in Rice Milling, A Comment" by William L. Collier, et al., in Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies (Canberra), vol. 10, no. 1 (March 1974), pp. 106-120, vol. 10, no. 1 (March 1974), pp.121-126.  "The Political Economy of Rice Production and Trade in Asia" (with W. P. Falcon), in Lloyd Reynolds, ed., Agriculture in Development Theory (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1975), pp. 373-408.    "The Impact of Price on Rice Trade in Asia" (with W. P. Falcon), in George Tolley and P. Zadrozny, eds., Trade, Agriculture, and Development,(Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Press, 1975), pp. 57-89.   "The Political Economy of Rice in Asia:  A Methodological Introduction," Food Research Institute Studies, vol. 14, no. 3 (1975), pp. 191-196.   "The Political Economy of Rice in Asia:  Indonesia," Food Research Institute Studies, vol. 14, no. 3 (1975), pp. 197-231.   "The Political Economy of Rice in Asia:  Lessons and Implications," Food Research Institute Studies, vol. 14, no. 4 (1975), pp. 419-432.   "The Role of Price Policy in Increasing Rice Production in Indonesia, 1968-1982," in Ray A. Goldberg, ed., Research in Domestic and International Agribusiness Management, vol. 6 (Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press, 1986), pp.55-106.   "Crop Diversification in Rice-Based Agricultural Economies:  Conceptual and Policy Issues" in Ray A. Goldberg, ed., Research in Domestic and International Agribusiness Management, vol. 8.  (Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1988), pp. 95-163.   "Analyzing Rice Market Interventions in Asia:  Principles, Issues, Themes, and Lessons" in Asian Development Bank, Evaluating Rice Market Intervention Policies:  Some Asian Examples.  (Manila, 1988), pp. 323-68.    "Indonesia's Experience with Rice Market Interventions."  Indonesian Food Journal, vol. 1, no. 1 (1989), pp. 12-26.   "Crop Diversification in Rice-Based Agricultural Economies:  Conceptual Issues." Indonesian Food Journal, vol. 1, no. 2 (1990), pp. 13-29.   "Rural Bias in the East and Southeast Asian Rice Economy:  Indonesia in Comparative Perspective," Journal of Development Studies, vol. 29, no. 4 (July) 1993, pp. 149-76.    "Food Price Stabilization:  The Relevance of the Asian Experience to Africa," in Nathan C. Russell and Christopher R. Dowswell, eds., Policy Options for Agricultural Development in Sub-Saharan Africa.  (Mexico City, D.F.:  CASIN/SAA/Global 2000, 1993), pp. 107-27.   "Does BULOG Stabilize Rice Prices in Indonesia?  Should It Try?" Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies (Canberra), vol. 32, no. 2 (August 1996), pp. 45-74.   "Building Efficiency in Agricultural Marketing:  The Long-Run Role of BULOG in the Indonesian Food Economy," Journal of International Development, vol. 9, no. 1 (1997), pp. 133-45.   “Food Security and Rice Price Policy in Indonesia:  the Economics and Politics of the Food Price Dilemma.”  In T. W. Mew, D. S. Brar, S. Teng, D. Dawe,  and B. Hardy, eds.,  Rice Science:  Innovations and Impact for Livelihood.  Proceedings from the International Rice Research Congress, 16-19 September, 2002.  Beijing, China, (International Rice Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Engineering, and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 2003).  pp. 777-789.   “Managing Food Price Instability in Asia:  A Macro Food Security Perspective” (with David Dawe), Asian Economic Journal.  vol. 21, no. 1, (March, 2007), pp.1-18.   “Rice policy in Indonesia: a special issue,” (with Neil McCulloch) Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, vol. 44, no. 1 (April, 2008), pp. 33-44.   “Indonesian rice production: an assessment of recent trends in productivity growth,” (with Pantjar Simatupang) Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, vol. 44, no. 1 (April, 2008), pp. 65-80.   “Food Crises Past, Present (and Future?): Will We Ever Learn?” (with David Dawe), in David Dawe, ed. (2010), The Rice Crisis: Markets, Policies and Food Security. London and Washington, DC: Earthscan, pp. 3-14.   “Did Speculation Affect World Rice Prices?” in David Dawe, ed. (2010), The Rice Crisis: Markets, Policies and Food Security. London and Washington, DC: Earthscan, pp. 29-60.   “West African Experience with the World Rice Crisis, 2007-2008,” with Jenny C. Aker, Steven Block, and Vijaya Ramachandran),  in David Dawe, ed. (2010), The Rice Crisis: Markets, Policies and Food Security. London and Washington, DC: Earthscan, pp. 143-162.   “Behavioral Dimensions of Food Security,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), Agricultural Development and Nutrition Security Special Feature. Print version appeared as PNAS July 31, 2012, vol. 109, no. 31, pp. 12315-12320.   “Rice and Structural Transformation,” chapter 1.2 in Sushil Pandey, Derek Byerlee, David Dawe, Achim Dobermann, Samarendu Mohanty, Scott Rozelle, and Bill Hardy, editors. 2010. Rice in the Global Economy: Strategic research and policy issues for food security. Los Banos (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute, pp. 37-60.   “Long-run Dynamics of Rice Consumption, 1960-2050” (with Steven Block and David Dawe), chapter 1.6 in Sushil Pandey, Derek Byerlee, David Dawe, Achim Dobermann, Samarendu Mohanty, Scott Rozelle, and Bill Hardy, editors. 2010. Rice in the Global Economy: Strategic research and policy issues for food security. Los Banos (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute, pp.139-174.   Never an Empty Bowl: Sustaining Food Security in Asia (principal analyst and lead author), Asia Society and International Rice Research Institute Task Force Report, September, 2010, New York.   “The Changing Role of Rice in Asia’s Food Security.” Chapter 4 in Food for all: Investing in food security in Asia and the Pacific—issues, innovations, and practices. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Asian Development Bank. 2011, pp. 72-93.   “Rice Price Formation in the Short Run and the Long Run: The Role of Market Structure in Explaining Volatility,” in Bertrand R. Munier, ed., Global Uncertainty and the Volatility of Agricultural Commodities Prices.” IOS Press, Amsterdam, 2012, pp. 151-84.   “Structural Transformation, the Changing Role of Rice and Food Security in Asia: Small Farmers and Modern Supply Chains.” Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development. Vol. 9, no. 1 (June, 2012). Special issue from the 7th Asian Society of Agricultural Economists International Conference, Hanoi, Vietnam, pp. 21-36.   “Why stable food prices are a good thing: Lessons from stabilizing rice prices in Asia,” (with David Dawe), Global Food Security, Vol. 1, Issue 2, (2012) pp. 127-33.

C. Peter Timmer

Professor of Development Studies

C. Peter Timmer is an authority on agricultural develop-ment, food security, and the world rice economy who has published scores of papers and books on these topics. He has served as a professor at Stanford, Cornell, three faculties at Harvard, and the University of California, San Diego, where he was also the dean of the Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies. Now the Cabot Professor of Development Studies, emeritus, at Harvard University, he is also Adjunct Professor at the Crawford School of Public Policy at Australian National University, where he is engaged with a new graduate training program on food policy and food security. He also remains engaged with the Center for Food Security and Environment at Stanford University.   A core advisor on the World Bank’s World Development Report 2008: Agriculture for Development, Timmer is working on domestic policy responses to volatility in the global rice market. He is a senior advisor to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation on agricultural development issues and a non-resident fellow at the Center for Global Development. Timmer is a member of the Scientific Committee organizing the 1st Conference on Global Food Security to be held in the Netherlands in late 2013, co-sponsored by Elsevier Press and Wageningen University.   With his co-authors (Falcon and Pearson), Timmer was the recipient of the award for professional excellence in quality of communication for Food Policy Analysis in 1984. He received the Bintang Jasa Utama (Highest Merit Star) award from the Republic of Indonesia in 1992 for work on food security and poverty alleviation. He also delivered the Benjamin H. Hibbard Memorial Lecture at the University of Wisconsin in 1993, the H. W. Arndt Memorial Lecture at the Australian National University in 2004, and the Henry Wendt Lecture at the American Enterprise Institute in 2007. In 2012, Timmer was recipient of the Leontief Prize for Advances in the Frontiers of Economic Thought awarded by the Global Development and Environment Center at Tufts University. In October, 2013, he delivered the Willard D. Cochrane Lecture in Public Policy at the University of Minnesota.   Timmer’s research and advisory work focuses on three main themes: lessons from the historical experience of structural transformation in Europe and Asia for the role of agriculture in currently developing countries; the impact of modern food supply chains on smallholder farmers and poor consumers (and the prospects that the growing dominance and concentration of modern retail establishments might change the mechanisms for food security); and approaches to stabilizing rice prices in Asia with minimum spillover to the world market and to producers and consumers in Africa and Latin America. All three topics reflect a broad concern for speeding the rate of poverty reduction and improving food security at the household, national and global levels.   A select list of Timmer publication on rice "Estimating Rice Consumption," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies (Canberra), vol. 7, no. 2 (July 1971), pp. 70-89.   "Rice Policy in Indonesia" (with S. Afiff), Food Research Institute Studies in Agricultural Economics, Trade, and Development, vol. 10, no. 2 (1971), pp. 131-159.   "Employment Aspects of Investment in Rice Marketing in Indonesia," Food Research Institute Studies in Agricultural Economics, Trade, and Development, vol. 11, no. 1 (1972), pp. 59-88.   "Choice of Technique in Rice Milling on Java," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies(Canberra), vol. 9, no. 2 (July 1973), pp. 57-76, and "A Reply" (to "Choice of Technique in Rice Milling, A Comment" by William L. Collier, et al., in Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies (Canberra), vol. 10, no. 1 (March 1974), pp. 106-120, vol. 10, no. 1 (March 1974), pp.121-126.  "The Political Economy of Rice Production and Trade in Asia" (with W. P. Falcon), in Lloyd Reynolds, ed., Agriculture in Development Theory (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1975), pp. 373-408.    "The Impact of Price on Rice Trade in Asia" (with W. P. Falcon), in George Tolley and P. Zadrozny, eds., Trade, Agriculture, and Development,(Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Press, 1975), pp. 57-89.   "The Political Economy of Rice in Asia:  A Methodological Introduction," Food Research Institute Studies, vol. 14, no. 3 (1975), pp. 191-196.   "The Political Economy of Rice in Asia:  Indonesia," Food Research Institute Studies, vol. 14, no. 3 (1975), pp. 197-231.   "The Political Economy of Rice in Asia:  Lessons and Implications," Food Research Institute Studies, vol. 14, no. 4 (1975), pp. 419-432.   "The Role of Price Policy in Increasing Rice Production in Indonesia, 1968-1982," in Ray A. Goldberg, ed., Research in Domestic and International Agribusiness Management, vol. 6 (Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press, 1986), pp.55-106.   "Crop Diversification in Rice-Based Agricultural Economies:  Conceptual and Policy Issues" in Ray A. Goldberg, ed., Research in Domestic and International Agribusiness Management, vol. 8.  (Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1988), pp. 95-163.   "Analyzing Rice Market Interventions in Asia:  Principles, Issues, Themes, and Lessons" in Asian Development Bank, Evaluating Rice Market Intervention Policies:  Some Asian Examples.  (Manila, 1988), pp. 323-68.    "Indonesia's Experience with Rice Market Interventions."  Indonesian Food Journal, vol. 1, no. 1 (1989), pp. 12-26.   "Crop Diversification in Rice-Based Agricultural Economies:  Conceptual Issues." Indonesian Food Journal, vol. 1, no. 2 (1990), pp. 13-29.   "Rural Bias in the East and Southeast Asian Rice Economy:  Indonesia in Comparative Perspective," Journal of Development Studies, vol. 29, no. 4 (July) 1993, pp. 149-76.    "Food Price Stabilization:  The Relevance of the Asian Experience to Africa," in Nathan C. Russell and Christopher R. Dowswell, eds., Policy Options for Agricultural Development in Sub-Saharan Africa.  (Mexico City, D.F.:  CASIN/SAA/Global 2000, 1993), pp. 107-27.   "Does BULOG Stabilize Rice Prices in Indonesia?  Should It Try?" Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies (Canberra), vol. 32, no. 2 (August 1996), pp. 45-74.   "Building Efficiency in Agricultural Marketing:  The Long-Run Role of BULOG in the Indonesian Food Economy," Journal of International Development, vol. 9, no. 1 (1997), pp. 133-45.   “Food Security and Rice Price Policy in Indonesia:  the Economics and Politics of the Food Price Dilemma.”  In T. W. Mew, D. S. Brar, S. Teng, D. Dawe,  and B. Hardy, eds.,  Rice Science:  Innovations and Impact for Livelihood.  Proceedings from the International Rice Research Congress, 16-19 September, 2002.  Beijing, China, (International Rice Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Engineering, and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 2003).  pp. 777-789.   “Managing Food Price Instability in Asia:  A Macro Food Security Perspective” (with David Dawe), Asian Economic Journal.  vol. 21, no. 1, (March, 2007), pp.1-18.   “Rice policy in Indonesia: a special issue,” (with Neil McCulloch) Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, vol. 44, no. 1 (April, 2008), pp. 33-44.   “Indonesian rice production: an assessment of recent trends in productivity growth,” (with Pantjar Simatupang) Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, vol. 44, no. 1 (April, 2008), pp. 65-80.   “Food Crises Past, Present (and Future?): Will We Ever Learn?” (with David Dawe), in David Dawe, ed. (2010), The Rice Crisis: Markets, Policies and Food Security. London and Washington, DC: Earthscan, pp. 3-14.   “Did Speculation Affect World Rice Prices?” in David Dawe, ed. (2010), The Rice Crisis: Markets, Policies and Food Security. London and Washington, DC: Earthscan, pp. 29-60.   “West African Experience with the World Rice Crisis, 2007-2008,” with Jenny C. Aker, Steven Block, and Vijaya Ramachandran),  in David Dawe, ed. (2010), The Rice Crisis: Markets, Policies and Food Security. London and Washington, DC: Earthscan, pp. 143-162.   “Behavioral Dimensions of Food Security,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), Agricultural Development and Nutrition Security Special Feature. Print version appeared as PNAS July 31, 2012, vol. 109, no. 31, pp. 12315-12320.   “Rice and Structural Transformation,” chapter 1.2 in Sushil Pandey, Derek Byerlee, David Dawe, Achim Dobermann, Samarendu Mohanty, Scott Rozelle, and Bill Hardy, editors. 2010. Rice in the Global Economy: Strategic research and policy issues for food security. Los Banos (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute, pp. 37-60.   “Long-run Dynamics of Rice Consumption, 1960-2050” (with Steven Block and David Dawe), chapter 1.6 in Sushil Pandey, Derek Byerlee, David Dawe, Achim Dobermann, Samarendu Mohanty, Scott Rozelle, and Bill Hardy, editors. 2010. Rice in the Global Economy: Strategic research and policy issues for food security. Los Banos (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute, pp.139-174.   Never an Empty Bowl: Sustaining Food Security in Asia (principal analyst and lead author), Asia Society and International Rice Research Institute Task Force Report, September, 2010, New York.   “The Changing Role of Rice in Asia’s Food Security.” Chapter 4 in Food for all: Investing in food security in Asia and the Pacific—issues, innovations, and practices. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Asian Development Bank. 2011, pp. 72-93.   “Rice Price Formation in the Short Run and the Long Run: The Role of Market Structure in Explaining Volatility,” in Bertrand R. Munier, ed., Global Uncertainty and the Volatility of Agricultural Commodities Prices.” IOS Press, Amsterdam, 2012, pp. 151-84.   “Structural Transformation, the Changing Role of Rice and Food Security in Asia: Small Farmers and Modern Supply Chains.” Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development. Vol. 9, no. 1 (June, 2012). Special issue from the 7th Asian Society of Agricultural Economists International Conference, Hanoi, Vietnam, pp. 21-36.   “Why stable food prices are a good thing: Lessons from stabilizing rice prices in Asia,” (with David Dawe), Global Food Security, Vol. 1, Issue 2, (2012) pp. 127-33.